The application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes, especially in industry. I don’t know about you but that was a mouthful. Let’s break that down phrase by phrase “scientific knowledge”- knowing about science and how things are run. Okay, Next. “For practical purposes” – every day use or to be used every day or daily. That makes sense. Last one, “especially in industry” – within the field of technology. O.K., Now I will put that back together in modern,everyday language: Knowing about science or how things are run every day within the field of technology. Now I understand! You really shouldn’t use the word in the definition so let me see if I can find a better one.
I should have just checked Webster first because they say- the practical application of knowledge especially in a particular area. Well that is pretty much saying the same thing but defining the word without using the word in the definition. So I think I like that better plus it is easier for me to understand. Now moving on.
Like I said in one of my other posts, I have a fascination with word origins, I always have. So I searched and found this:
In The Beginning
First recorded technological period was the Stone Age. I wasn’t sure what they were referring to at first when the article stated that. Because I thought the technological period began with I Pads, computers and such but in my research I uncovered some new “discoveries” I will share with you.
The first tools were very simple and made during the Old Stone Age. These consisted of stone tools, sticks for fire starters and weapons.
Then perhaps about 70,000 BCE the Neanderthals achieved a degree of specialization in the tool making. But then the Cro-Magnons came along in 35,000 BCE and advanced tool making even by calling for the requirement of a head and shaft. Pottery was introduced in 6,000 BCE during what is called the New Stone Age. The final stage in the beginning is the Metal Age (3,000) First there was Cooper, Bronze, Tin which was heavy and expensive. These were similar to the Stone Age tools. An example of these would be a dagger blade.
Next came Iron which was lighter, stronger, and cheaper than bronze. An example of this was used on axe heads.
Now when geologists are digging up artifacts, they will know about what period the tools where produced because of this. Now we will talk about the advances that have been made in the area of technology.
Advances And Products
I found an article that went into great detail about the 11 innovations that changed history. I will give a brief summary of each here because I thought they were interesting. I will also add some additional fact I have gathered from other sources.
-First, let’s talk about the Printing Press. Without it news couldn’t be spread from place to place very easily. Plus this allowed for mass production of books and newspapers. This helped spark the “Age of Enlightenment”. The printing press was developed by Johannes Gutenberg, around 1440 in Mainz, Germany.
-Second, we have the Compass. Magnetic compasses were invented in China during the early 14th century. They were meant to be used mainly as a guiding device for seaman.
-Third, we have Paper Currency. Like I stated earlier metal was used such as coins, but never paper. By the late 19th century many nations started issuing government-backed paper. Paper money may have been the first step that led to the credit card and electronic banking.
-Fourth, we have Steel that was mass produced with the invention of the Bessemen Process in the 1850’s. Steel then became one of the largest industries in the world. It was used to create bridges, railroads, skyscrapers, engines, and many other things.
-Fifth, we will talk about the Light Bulb. Hum.. I thought Edison discovered that. Oh wait..That was electricity. Light bulbs were invented by Davy, Warren de la Rue, Joseph Wilson Swan and Thomas Edison. We now use electric lights in everything from our homes and street lights to flashlights and car headlights.
-Sixth, we will talk about Horses which changed the way we look at war. There is nothing more fearful than a horse-drawn chariot or a mounted warrior coming into battle. I can almost just picture the image, Burr.
-Seventh, Transistors! These were first invented by Bell Laboratories in 1947 and they are the main item in most modern electronic devices today. They are miniature electronic components that can do two different jobs. Not only do they start and stop the flow of electricity, but they can also control the amount.
-Eight, Magnifying Lenses. This is a lens that is used to help make things bigger and clearer, for example it was used in a telescope for star gazing and in a microscope to see microscopic cells up close and personal.
-Nine, Telegraph was used by a number of different designers in the 18th and 19th centuries. It was Samuel Mores’s famous “Morse code” system of intermittently interrupting the flow of electricity on communication lines. The ability to send messages quickly across great distances had a tremendous affect on the information age.
-Tenth, Antibiotics were accidentally discovered by Alexander Fleming in 1928. He was researching bacteria-destroying mold when he discovered penicillin. This was later used on the battlefield during World War II.
-Eleven, The Steam Engine. These were water pumped, steam-powered engines that were created by Thomas Savery in 1698 but improved upon by James Watt in the late 1700’s. The steam engine’s basic idea of moving pistons set the stage for future advances for internal combustion engines and jet turbines which would lead to the invention of cars, planes, and rockets.
What It Means Today
Technology is growing all around us. We all know this- from smart phone to video surveillance. It is basically running our lives!
I remember when a friend of mine’s daughter was staying with us. They had just bought a microwave for their house. You have to realize this was a number of years ago. Their daughter was playing with a doll house and the first thing she said was “where is the microwave?”. My granddaughter thinks the world is coming to an end if she doesn’t have her phone to watch YouTube or play video games.
We can’t live without our modern day technology. I see posts all the time on FaceBook (Yes I get on FaceBook.. I’m guilty also) that state “If you can stay in this house for a year without a phone, T.V. or FaceBook I will give you “X” amount of dollars.”
Technology was started just to be used as a research tool but with it’s rapid growth it has become a powerhouse today. For instance people no longer do research in libraries, they simply just google what they need. That is how I got all my research done.
While researching on the internet is not a bad thing, our total dependence on it could be. Look at how many places are suffering because of it. Not only libraries but bookstores and local Mom and Pop shops also. People don’t want to go out and buy locally but will shop for an item on the internet.
Today we have defined technology and talked about the the origin of the word. When we defined it, we broke down the “mouthful” definition to an easier, for me to follow, everyday language definition.
We learned when technology first began. This to me was an interesting topic because I thought that technology began with computers, I Pads, I phones, YouTube, and such. I didn’t realize it began as far back as the Stone Age. I learn new information when I do research on a topic.
There were many advances due to technology that changed history. This was a very interesting subject to study. Some inventions brought immediate changes while others laid the groundwork for modifications to come in the future.
For instance, a short power outage reminds us of the importance of light. That is an example of an immediate change.
An example of a groundwork modification is the discovery of antibiotics. They were discovered and then later used in WW2. During WW1 the death rate from bacterial pneumonia was 20%. But in WW2 antibiotics were used and the death rate decreased to only 1%.
Now I want to clear something up, I’m not against the use of technology because I think it can be very useful.
If you have any questions or need a hand, feel free to leave a comment below and I will be more than happy to help you out.
All the best,